I was physically restrained to the bed by healthcare provider(s)


Taavoni S, Goldani Z, Gooran NR, Haghani H. Development and Assessment of Respectful Maternity Care Questionnaire in Iran. IJCBNM. 2018;6(6):334–49. AND Bohren MA, Vogel JP, Hunter EC, Lutsiv O, Makh SK, Souza JP, et al. The Mistreatment of Women during Childbirth in Health Facilities Globally: A Mixed-Methods Systematic Review. PLoS Med. 2015

Original Item

Bohren: You were physically tied to the bed by a health worker or other staff? You were held down to the bed forcefully by a health worker or other staff? Taavoni: Have you forced to stay in your bed?