I was physically restrained to the bed by healthcare provider(s)


Taavoni S, Goldani Z, Rostami Gooran N, Haghani H. Development and Assessment of Respectful Maternity Care Questionnaire in IranInt J Community Based Nurs Midwifery. 2018;6(4):334-349.


Bohren MA, Vogel JP, Hunter EC, et al. The Mistreatment of Women during Childbirth in Health Facilities Globally: A Mixed-Methods Systematic ReviewPLoS Med. 2015;12(6):e1001847. Published 2015 Jun 30. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001847

Original Item

Bohren: You were physically tied to the bed by a health worker or other staff? You were held down to the bed forcefully by a health worker or other staff? Taavoni: Have you forced to stay in your bed?